I am new to the amateur radio world and only used CBs infrequently. I'm not interested in listening to the constant traffic of the CB. My family won't get into HAM so- GMRS seems to be my best option. In saying that, I have something of a plan to develop for my family that I would like to expand into my community. Therefore, I have several questions that I would like help answering as I begin.
1) Getting my license. a) I am aware that my close family can be covered under one license, but how far is that extended? I haven't read too deeply into how I place people on my license, and how they might be related to me. Please, direct me to the appropriate information. I am very active within my church (5013c religious non-profit) that uses mobile radios from time to time for public community activities, can my license be used within this group (i.e. the close family question) or does the organization need its own license? If so, where would that information be found?
2) Radios. I have my eye on the (https://midlandusa.com/product/mxt275-micromobile-two-way-radio/) Midland MXT275 15w mobile radio that would like to make back pack portable with rechargeable battery pack and whip antenna. My concerns are a) the unit getting burning up inside my pack while using it; using the best/safest/lightest/versatile rechargeable battery pack available; c) the most appropriate antenna that would give me respectable reception while carrying.
3) Repeater. I've considered using a simplex repeater (https://www.argentdata.com/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=27&products_id=98&osCsid=18AQ4OPGf1tOsN4yF2kZB2) specifically the ADS-SR1 Simplex Repeater unless there are better, less annoying ways of connecting devices for maxim range. I would hope to reduce what I understand is the annoying and distracting repetition of messages with the simplex repeater. I have four places I would put some repeaters for some extended coverage. I would use ac as the primary power source but would hope to utilize rechargeable batteries with solar power back up.
4) Antennas. The area in which I live is 140ft above sea level at its highest point. The major obstructions are wooded eras and the occasional bridge span. I would place overlapping repeaters and antennas at four (two locally, site #3 (40 miles away), site #4 (55 miles away) locations because there are none (according to this site's map). While I have found the potential for others, I haven't contacted the owners because I'm just getting started. Finally, how would I ground these antennas and protect them from lightning strikes?
5) Mobility. I would very much like this to be plug and play. Install in vehicle. Put in pack. Bring home. Repeat. I realize the range and power consumption will vary, but this is something REALLY important to my plans and goals.
6) Inexpensive and Versatile. I don't necessarily need new radios, but I'm not all that technical. Perhaps I could learn a few hacks and tricks, but I need a clean and simple "set it and forget" system. Any older radios that still work well? Any features that I should be looking for such as "repeater capable" devices?
7) Purpose. General communication. Community development. Make friends. Connect with family. Safety and security. Disaster relief. the apocalypse?
Thanks for taking a look at my post. I hope to have my license within the month. I would to start playing around with this setup fairly soon. Please, label your responses by question and provide links with your responses. I'm quite this information will be helpful to others as well.